Sustainable building materials are more than just reused or recycled materials. The energy consumed during harvesting, transporting and processing of the material should decide if it is truly sustainable. Local materials are commonly considered sustainable due to its huge reduction of energy needed to transport them.
Price also plays a major role in considering a material sustainable. However, the most important consideration is the health and environmental impact of these materials.
Using sustainable materials promote a cleaner, healthier and better home and there are many benefits to designing spaces using sustainable products. Sustainable building materials are adobe, straw, cork, bamboo and clay. They have low emission rates and possess energy conservation qualities. These materials are all-natural and can be used to build greener homes. Recycled materials include granite, steel or polyurethane.
The adobe for instance, can be used to construct all types of buildings. There is very little or almost no energy used in transporting it and the material is found everywhere. Most people simply use the adobe found there on the site of their building. You would need a frame as support, but the adobe is very durable and the home will be naturally insulated due to the thickness of the walls and density of the adobe. A home built in adobe will have lower electricity bills and less consumption of energy.
Building a home to standard measurement cuts back on waste and requires less trimming. Whatever material you have decided to use, it will be sustainable if it can be reused, recycled or can be easily decomposed without causing harmful toxins to the environment.
Sealants, paints and glues can release harmful emissions eventually. That is why it is preferable to use low VOC options, which are more environmentally friendly and healthier to the people.
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